International Origins

At a global human rights conference in 1993, the United Nations (UN) adopted the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action. This includes a recommendation that all countries adopt an action plan to identify steps to improve the promotion and protection of human rights. In 2009, the Council of Europe (CoE) also recommended that National Action Plans be used to implement human rights systematically by countries across Europe.  

SNAP fits all the criteria that the UN recommends for national human rights action plans. It is:  

  • Evidence-based. Research and participation have informed the priorities for action.  
  • Inclusive. A wide range of stakeholders were involved in shaping commitments.   
  • Has high-level and long-term support from across all state and public bodies with responsibilities for rights. The Scottish Government and national public bodies support and endorse SNAP.   
  • Action-orientated. For each priority issue, SNAP has specific and achievable actions for change in place. 
  • Realistic. SNAP takes account of pragmatic constraints and where possible, action is integrated in to the work of public bodies.   
  • Measurable. SNAP outcomes are linked to indicators that can be used to track progress.   
  • Supported with resources and capacity to put commitments into practice   
  • Monitored, with progress subject to regular independent review.  

End of document.